Causes of Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation Educational Resources > Types, Causes & Prevention > Causes of Brain Injury

Neurologic injury has many forms resulting from several causes. These broad categories include:

  • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
    • Motor vehicle accident
    • Fall
    • Sports injury
    • Assault
    • Penetrating head injury
  • Closed Head Injury (CHI)
    • Subset of a traumatic brain injury in which the skull is not breeched
  • Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)
    • Abscess
    • Aneurysm
    • Anoxia/hypoxia
    • Arterioveneous Malformation (AVM)
    • Encephalitis
    • Fetal alcohol syndrome
    • Meningitis
    • Metabolic encephalopathy
    • Seizure disorder
    • Stroke
    • Tourette syndrome
    • Toxic exposure
    • Tumor

For an explanation of injury types, please refer to the Types page.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Statistics from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):

  • In the United States, people sustain about 1.7 million traumatic brain injuries (TBI) per year.
  • Of those, 75% are concussions or other forms of mild traumatic brain injury.
  • Individuals aged 0-4, 15-19, and 65+ are the most likely to sustain a TBI.
  • Males are more likely to sustain a TBI than females.
  • Causes of TBI:
    • Falls - 35.2%
    • Unknown/Other - 21%
    • Motor Vehicle/Traffic - 17.3%
    • Struck By/Against - 16.5%
    • Assault - 10%
  • TBI from Falls are highest among individuals aged 0-4 and 75+ years.

Review Types of brain injury.

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