Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation Educational Resources > Types, Causes & Prevention > Causes of Brain Injury
Neurologic injury has many forms resulting from several causes. These broad categories include:
- Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
- Motor vehicle accident
- Sports injury
- Penetrating head injury
- Closed Head Injury (CHI)
- Subset of a traumatic brain injury in which the skull is not breeched
- Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)
- Arterioveneous Malformation (AVM)
- Fetal alcohol syndrome
- Metabolic encephalopathy
- Seizure disorder
- Tourette syndrome
- Toxic exposure
For an explanation of injury types, please refer to the Types page.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Statistics from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
- In the United States, people sustain about 1.7 million traumatic brain injuries (TBI) per year.
- Of those, 75% are concussions or other forms of mild traumatic brain injury.
- Individuals aged 0-4, 15-19, and 65+ are the most likely to sustain a TBI.
- Males are more likely to sustain a TBI than females.
- Causes of TBI:
- Falls - 35.2%
- Unknown/Other - 21%
- Motor Vehicle/Traffic - 17.3%
- Struck By/Against - 16.5%
- Assault - 10%
- TBI from Falls are highest among individuals aged 0-4 and 75+ years.
Review Types of brain injury.